A Vermont Online Theft / Shoplifting class
Vermont Theft Laws
Vermont Theft / Shoplifting classes
The Theft Talk Online Services (TTOS) online Theft / Shoplifting class is among the most widely accepted, comprehensive, affordable and effective way to gain Theft / Shoplifting skills. This Theft / Shoplifting class was written and prepared for court ordered clients, students, employees and for personal growth. The TTOS online Theft / Shoplifting class is listed as an acceptedTheft / Shoplifting program throughout the United States, including Vermont, Canada, and abroad. Our web-based online Theft / Shoplifting class includes:
* A complete 4 or 8 hour Theft / Shoplifting class based on the book The Psychology of Stealing , by Steven M. Houseworth, MA.
* Where we find an average of $195 for similar theft classes, ours if much more affordable.
* A self-paced Theft / Shoplifting class online learning experience.
* Log in, Log out 24 hours a day 7 days a week.
* Online exam following each chapter and a final exam.
* Immediately upon completion printable Certificate of Completion for verification.
* Accepted by Court, Probation Officer or Schools in Vermont, or money-back guaranteed.
This Vermont online Theft / Shoplifting class was designed to meet Vermont court, probation department, diversion program, school and human resource department requirements. Our online Theft / Shoplifting classes are an effective, convenient and less expensive way of learning how to correct theft related problems that may arise for you and others needing a Vermont Theft / Shoplifting class.
Vermont Theft Laws
Vermont Theft Laws
§ 2501. Grand larceny
A person who steals from the actual or constructive possession of another, other than from his or her person, money, goods, chattels, bank notes, bonds, promissory notes, bills of exchange or other bills, orders, or certificates, or a book of accounts for or concerning money, or goods due or to become due or to be delivered, or a deed or writing containing a conveyance of land, or any other valuable contract in force, or a receipt, release or defeasance, writ, process, or public record, shall be imprisoned not more than ten years or fined not more than $5,000.00, or both, if the money or other property stolen exceeds $900.00 in value. (Amended 1971, No. 199 (Adj. Sess.), § 15; 1981, No. 223 (Adj. Sess.), § 5; 2005, No. 156 (Adj. Sess.), § 3.)
§ 2502. Petit larceny
Superior and district courts shall have concurrent jurisdiction of the offenses mentioned in section 2501 of this title where the money or other property stolen does not exceed $900.00 in value, and may sentence the person convicted to imprisonment for not more than one year or to pay a fine of not more than $1,000.00, or both. (Amended 1965, No. 195, § 10, operative February 1, 1967; 1973, No. 193 (Adj. Sess.), § 3, eff. April 9, 1974; No. 249 (Adj. Sess.), § 46, eff. April 9, 1974; 1981, No. 223 (Adj. Sess.), § 6; 2005, No. 156 (Adj. Sess.), § 4.)
§ 2503. Larceny from the person
A person who steals or attempts to steal from the person and custody of another, property, the subject of larceny, shall be imprisoned not more than ten years or fined not more than $500.00, or both. (Amended 1971, No. 199 (Adj. Sess.), § 15.)
§ 2508. Conviction of attempted larceny
If, upon trial of a person for the offense of stealing from the person and custody of another, the evidence is not, in the opinion of the jury, sufficient to prove that offense, it may, upon sufficient evidence, convict such person of an attempt to commit such offense.
§ 2509. Pleading and proof of money stolen
(a) In a complaint, information or indictment for larceny, in which it is necessary to make an averment as to money, bank bills or promissory notes, issued or purporting to be issued by an incorporated bank or banking institution or currency authorized to be circulated and circulating as money, it shall be sufficient to describe such money, bank bills, bank notes or currency, simply as money, without specifying any particular coin, bank bill, bank note or currency.
(b) So far as regards the description of property, such allegation shall be sustained by proof of any amount of coin or of any bank bill, bank note or piece of currency, although the particular species of coin of which such amount was composed or the particular nature of such bank bill, bank note or currency, is not proved.
§ 2561. Penalty for receiving stolen property; venue
(a) A person who is a dealer in property who buys, receives, sells, possesses unless with the intent to restore to the owner, or aids in the concealment of property, knowing or believing the property to be stolen shall be punished the same as for the stealing of such property.
(b) A person who buys, receives, sells, possesses unless with the intent to restore to the owner, or aids in the concealment of stolen property, knowing the same to be stolen, shall be punished the same as for the stealing of such property.
(c) A buyer, receiver, seller, possessor or concealer under subsection (a) or (b) of this section may be prosecuted and punished in the court in the county or in the district court in the territorial unit where the person stealing the property might be prosecuted, although such property is bought, received or concealed in another county or territorial unit.
§ 2574. Right of merchant to request merchandise to be kept in view
A merchant has the right to request in a reasonable manner any person at his retail mercantile establishment to place and keep in full view any merchandise which the person has removed from its place of display, for any purpose. Notice of this request shall be conspicuously posted by the merchant in said retail mercantile establishment.
§ 2575. Offense of retail theft
A person commits the offense of retail theft when the person, with intent of depriving a merchant wrongfully of the lawful possession of merchandise, money or credit:
(1) takes and carries away or causes to be taken and carried away or aids and abets the carrying away of, any merchandise from a retail mercantile establishment without paying the retail value of the merchandise; or
(2) alters, transfers, or removes or causes to be altered, transferred, or removed or aids and abets the alteration, transfer, or removal of any label, price tag, indicia of value, or any other markings affixed to any merchandise in a retail mercantile establishment and purchases the merchandise for less than its retail value; or
(3) transfers or causes to be transferred or aids and abets in the transfer of any merchandise in a retail mercantile establishment from one container or location to another container or location and purchases the merchandise for less than its retail value; or
(4) alters, transfers, counterfeits, or reproduces a retail sales receipt or a Universal Product Code (UPC) label or possesses an altered, counterfeit, or reproduced retail sales receipt or UPC label; or
(5) possesses 15 or more altered, counterfeit, or reproduced retail sales receipts or UPC labels or possesses a device that is designed to alter, counterfeit, or reproduce retail sales receipts or UPC labels; or
(6) manufactures, sells, offers for sale, distributes, or knowingly possesses a laminated or coated bag intended to shield merchandise from detection by an electronic or magnetic theft detector; or
(7) manufactures, sells, offers for sale, distributes, or knowingly possesses any tool or device designed to allow or capable of allowing the deactivation or removal from any merchandise of any theft detection device without the permission of the merchant or the person owning or lawfully holding the merchandise.
§ 2576. Detention
(a) Any merchant who has reasonable cause to believe that a person has committed or attempted to commit retail theft may detain the person on or in the immediate vicinity of the premises of a retail mercantile establishment, affording the person the opportunity to be detained in a place out of public view if available, in a reasonable manner which may include the use of reasonable force and for a reasonable length of time for any of the following purposes:
(1) To request and verify identification;
(2) To make reasonable inquiry as to whether the person has in his possession unpurchased merchandise and, if unpurchased, to recover the merchandise;
(3) To inform a law enforcement officer of the detention of the person and surrender that person to the custody of a law enforcement officer; and
(4) In the case of a minor, to inform a law enforcement officer, and, if known or determined, the parent or parents, guardian or other person having supervision of the minor of his detention and to surrender custody of the minor to the law enforcement officer, parent, guardian or other person.
(b) Any person detained under (a)(3) or (a)(4) of this section shall, if a telephone is available, have the right to make one local telephone call of reasonable duration. The merchant shall advise the person detained of this right.
§ 2577. Penalty
(a) A person convicted of the offense of retail theft of merchandise having a retail value not in excess of $900.00 shall be punished by a fine of not more than $500.00 or imprisonment for not more than six months, or both.
(b) A person convicted of the offense of retail theft of merchandise having a retail value in excess of $900.00 shall be punished by a fine of not more than $1,000.00 or imprisonment for not more than ten years, or both.
(c) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsections (a) and (b) of this section, a person convicted of retail theft pursuant to:
(1) Subdivision 2575(4) of this title shall be imprisoned not more than two years or fined not more than $1,000.00, or both.
§ 2579. Civil recovery for retail theft
(a) Any person over the age of 16 years or any emancipated minor who commits the offense of retail theft against a retail mercantile establishment in violation of section 2575 of this title shall be civilly liable to the retail mercantile establishment in an amount consisting of:
(1) damages equal to the retail price of the merchandise if the item is not returned in a merchantable condition; and
(2) a civil penalty of two times the retail price of the merchandise, to be not less than $25.00 and not more than $300.00.
(b) The fact that an action may be brought against an individual as provided in this section shall not limit the right of a retail mercantile establishment to demand, in writing, that a person who is liable for damages and penalties under this section remit the damages and penalties prior to the commencement of any legal action.
(c) If the person to whom a demand is made complies with the demand, that person shall incur no further civil liability for that specific act of retail theft.
(d) Any demand made under this section shall be accompanied by a copy of this law.
(e) A criminal prosecution under section 2575 of this title is not a prerequisite to the applicability of this section and such a criminal prosecution shall not bar an action under this section. An action under this section shall not bar a criminal prosecution under section 2575 of this title.
(f) The provisions of this section shall not be construed to prohibit or limit any other cause of action which a retail mercantile establishment may have against a person who unlawfully takes merchandise from a retail mercantile establishment, except as provided in subsection (c) of this section.
(g) Any testimony or statements by the defendant or any evidence derived from an attempt to reach a civil settlement or from a civil proceeding brought under this section shall be inadmissible in any other court proceeding relating to such retail theft.
(h) If a retail mercantile establishment files suit to recover damages and penalties pursuant to subsection (a) of this section and the mercantile establishment fails to appear at a hearing in such proceedings without excuse from the court, the court shall dismiss the suit with prejudice and award costs to the defendant.
(i) A person who knowingly uses the provisions of this section to demand or extract money from a person who is not legally obligated to pay a penalty shall be imprisoned not more than one year or fined not more than $1,000.00, or both.
§ 2582. Theft of services
(a) A person who purposely obtains services which he or she knows are available only for compensation, by deception or threat, or by false token or other means to avoid payment for the service shall if the services exceed $900.00 in value be imprisoned for not more than ten years or fined not more than $5,000.00, or both. Otherwise, a person who violates a provision of this subsection shall be imprisoned for not more than one year or fined not more than $1,000.00, or both. Where compensation for service is ordinarily paid immediately upon the rendering of such service, as in the case of hotels, restaurants, and transportation, refusal to pay or absconding without payment or offer to pay gives rise to a rebuttable presumption that the service was obtained by deception as to intention to pay.
(b) A person who, having control over the disposition of services of others, to which he or she is not entitled, knowingly diverts such services to the person's own benefit or to the benefit of another not entitled thereto shall if the services exceed $900.00 in value be imprisoned for not more than ten years or fined not more than $5,000.00, or both. Otherwise a person who violates a provision of this subsection shall be imprisoned for not more than one year or fined not more than $1,000.00, or both.
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Please note, the theft law information on this page is provided as a courtesy to help explain theft, shoplifting and stealing laws. There is no guarantee or assurance of reliability or validity. Laws change over time and this page may or may not be current. The code that is provided on this site is an unofficial posting of the State Codes. The files making up this Internet version of the State Codes do not constitute the official text of the State Codes and are intended for informational purposes only. No representation is made as to the accuracy or completeness of these sections. While every effort was made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the statutes available THEFT TALK Online Services shall not be liable or held responsible for any errors or omissions which may occur in these files, they are provided on an "As Is" basis. Use of the information and services are at the sole risk of the user. There is absolutely NO INTENT to provide legal advice or suggest these links can substitute for competent legal advice. For official versions of any state's current laws, the user is directed to that states Revised Statutes, all amendments and cumulative supplements thereto published by that state. Please notify the Webmaster if you find any irregularities in the statutes on this web site. The Webmaster will relay the information to appropriate staff to investigate the irregularities. The printed version of the State Codes should be consulted for all matters requiring reliance on the statutory text. If you were involved in a theft or shoplifting incident you are encouraged to consider taking a theft class, theft course or shoplifting education class such as the one provided by Theft Talk. Research shows theft school and/or theft education can be an effective theft prevention. "THEFT TALK" Online Services is an online theft education, shoplifting education class about stealing, it can be very effective if you want to stop stealing. Evan it was a small theft, a petty theft class or petty theft school could be right for you!
An online theft class / shoplifting class / larceny class / petty theft class for people who have stolen
THEFT TALK -- since 1983
Online Shoplifting - Theft Classes / Theft Education
Is the TTOS Theft / Shoplifting class Right for You?
Theft programs can vary a great deal in terms of content and delivery method. Like many things on the internet they are not always what they "appear" to be. Our research has only found three theft classes offered online that are good and reputable. There are a few theft classes offered that are either a bit deceptive about pricing (i.e., one price is all you really pay), certificate delivery (is it mailed or does it cost more?) or simplythe class does not meet a high professional quality standard. Choose Theft Talk or not - be careful.
A Nationwide Program
TTOS is a Nationwide Company that has a reputation across the Nation for our high quality programs. We have been providing Theft / Shoplifting classes since 1983 as our Theft Talk program.
Some "Online" theft / shoplifting programs are not actually a real online service. These theft classes indicate they are an online program because they can be found and purchased on a web page, but in reality the theft class is really a book you purchase or a download file that you put on your computer. This is really not an online class but rather a product you purchase on the web.
When we say we offer a Online Vermont Theft / Shoplifting class, we mean "Online."
With our theft class you will register online, create your username/password so that you can log in and out of the program as many times as you want 24/7. You make your Theft / Shoplifting class purchase online. You take all of your coursework online as well. There are no downloads or anything else. The system will "remember" you and all of your scores as you log in and out of our secure system. You will also be able to print the Theft Class Certificate of Completion directly from your screen upon successful completion of the program.
A Workbook Class is available too
As an alternative to the online class, please note we do also offer a workbook/correspondence course for those without internet access.
Credentials, Experience and Qualified
If you are comparing programs we encourage you to make sure you are comparing apples to apples. What is the history of the company providing the course? What kind of experience, education and training qualifies them to offer classes? Was the class written by a professional in the field or by a non-experienced "writer" or "canned" curriculum?
TTOS staff began researching and working with Theft / Shoplifting clients in 1983. At the onset the service was called Theft Talk. Now, TTOS is a nationwide service providing high quality evidence based Theft / Shoplifting services. All TTOS counselors are required to complete rigorous training prior to becoming a certified counselor. All Counselors are required to have a minimum of a Bachelor's Degree and are supervised by staff with a minimum of a Master's Degree.
Can a judge, probation officer or attorney contact the agency to verify credentials?
Of course! If your specific court is not familiar with our program you may wish to print our court approval documentation, (click here to get document). to give them further information. If they contact our office we will also provide them access to our online theft class so they can view the program and its integrity for themselves.
The Psychology of Stealing
What is the program based off of? Is there substance or just feel good babble? The TTOS Theft / Shoplifting class is based on the book The Psychology of Stealing, written by Steven M. Houseworth, MA who is a consultant for TTOS Listed below are the objectives of our program.
OBJECTIVE 1: Empowerment: To assist the client in developing a sense of personal responsibility for each decision they make. Prior to completing our online course each client will acknowledge they are the only one who can stop themselves from stealing.
OBJECTIVE 2: Education: To inform each client of the impact stealing has on others. The purpose is to have each client perceive theft quite differently from how it is typically perceived. In this regard, the second objective is to provide each client with specific information and skills to include in their decision making process. Prior to completing the course each client will associate stealing with the actual impact it always has on others.
OBJECTIVE 3: Victim Awareness: To have each client consider the value he/she places on “others”. This third objective entails having the offender look into him/her self, introspectively and weigh the value placed on SELF vs. the value placed on OTHERS. We are not trying to build the offenders self image. We recognize the importance of this however, our focus is on developing an OTHERS image.
OBJECTIVE 4: Empathy Development: To have each client consider the value he/she places on "others." This objective entails having the offender look into him/herself, introspectively and weigh the value placed on SELF vs. the value placed on OTHERS. Prior to, and long after completing the course each client will question themselves - asking, seriously, how important they believe others really are.
Do they offer a refund policy? What happens if your court does not accept the program?
TTOS stands behind its program and offers a full money back guarantee. Click here to view the TTOS Guarantee.
Why is the TTOS price so reasonable?
At TTOS we strive hard to keep our overhead costs low so that we can pass on the savings to you. We are well aware of all the other financial obligations that were likely placed upon you by the courts. We want you to be successful at completing your court orders. We give you, what we believe to be a solid honest fair price for our service. With our program I am very confident that you will be receiving one of the best Theft / Shoplifting programs available.
For some, an online program is best. No need to take time off work or out of your busy schedule. You complete the course in your home or at any internet connection on your schedule. Our classes are available 24/7. For others, sitting in a group or with a live instructor might be the best option. Either way make sure the program that you utilize measures up.
The TT Online Services™ Inc. Theft / Shoplifting classes
TT Online Services™ Inc. provides Theft / Shoplifting classes as a 4 hour Theft / Shoplifting class or an 8 hour Theft / Shoplifting class. The Theft / Shoplifting curriculum is based on, "The Psychology of Stealing" by our founder, Steven Michael Houseworth, MA. Our Theft / Shoplifting classes do not focus on laws and punishments - you already know stealing is illegal. A key component of an effective Theft / Shoplifting class is to educate the student about the dangers of mental rehearsing theft behaviors. No Theft / Shoplifting class would be complete if it did not provide new, meaningful and useful information. Our Theft / Shoplifting classes work under the assumption that the way a person thinks guides the way a person behaves. The TT Online Services™ Theft / Shoplifting classes use a cognitive restructuring approach which basically follows the tenant of Norman Vincent Peale (1898 - 1993): "Change your thoughts and you will change your world." Our Theft / Shoplifting classes ask the client to explore their attitudes, values and beliefs. Each of our Theft / Shoplifting classes end asking the client to figure out what they believe, who they are and to identify their value system. To this end, our Theft / Shoplifting classes have a victim focus and work toward understanding and developing empathy.
The TT Online Services™ Theft / Shoplifting classes began in 1983. As practitioners in the criminal justice field it it only made sense to focus on a specialty of theft since most crimes are theft related - theft, shoplifting, burglary, unauthorized use of a vehicle, burglary, robbery, etc.. Our first Theft / Shoplifting class was called Theft Talk and we quickly learned that conducting Theft / Shoplifting classes is a formidable task. Initially we spent most of our time on techniques and, through trial and error, our Theft / Shoplifting class evolved into the Theft / Shoplifting class it is today. Our education, the volumes or research and practice has proven that a Theft / Shoplifting class has little likelihood of being effective unless a key component is included - the attitudes, values and beliefs of the person with the Theft / Shoplifting problem. Theft / Shoplifting clients need to change their thinking if they want to to change their behavior.
What are you going to try to do to me in your Theft / Shoplifting class?
Strangely enough this Theft / Shoplifting question is quite important! It is of high importance to TT Online Services™ that we don't try to do anything to you. Our Theft / Shoplifting classes do not try to fix you. Our Theft / Shoplifting classes do not judge you. Our Theft / Shoplifting classes do not try to force anything on you and have no intent of imposing change on you. Critical to the success of our theft class is the need to: a) be respectful of the client, b) not be judgmental of the client, c) not try to impose "the truth" on the client and d) not try to impose change on the client. Our Theft / Shoplifting class is education oriented and works under the assumption that if you learn you will change your thoughts. If you change your thoughts you will change your behavior, your life and your world. Yes, with great confidence we are strong believers in education, we attribute education to have converted the human animal to the human being. Any change that comes as a result of taking our Theft / Shoplifting classes is change that the client makes. We can take credit for providing meaningful information; the client needs to take credit for changing his/her Theft / Shoplifting behavior. Life gets much better, much happier and becomes more fulfilling once Theft / Shoplifting problems are in the past.
Okay, it is education based, so what can I expect to learn in this Theft / Shoplifting classes?
Our Theft / Shoplifting classes are based on the book by Steven Michael Houseworth, MA, "The Psychology of Stealing." The Theft / Shoplifting class curriculum finds a balance between providing new information and providing Theft / Shoplifting "stuff" you can try, work on, use to deal with a Theft / Shoplifting problem. The education component explains theft in a way you have likely never heard before and then moves right on to asking you to rethink Theft / Shoplifting beliefs you may have that are not true.
What is the best way to take a Theft / Shoplifting class?
Theft / Shoplifting classes come in many forms. The old traditional counselor in a chair method of dealing with people with Theft / Shoplifting problems may be right for you. Counselors, psychologists and some social workers offer their services and, if you have insurance or can afford their fees, you would do well to explore that route. Personally, I recommend a counselor or psychologist for theft issues.
Another popular way to take a Theft / Shoplifting class is by attending an in person Theft / Shoplifting classroom. This form of Theft / Shoplifting class is often available in bigger cities. Basically, there are two forms of in person Theft / Shoplifting classes; there is the Theft / Shoplifting class and the Theft / Shoplifting group . If you don't mind sharing your Theft / Shoplifting problems, or simply prefer a group or classroom setting, a Theft / Shoplifting class or Theft / Shoplifting group might be suited to you.
TT Online Services™ offers two other forms of Theft / Shoplifting classes. Our Theft / Shoplifting classes are offered as an online Theft / Shoplifting class or a Theft / Shoplifting workbook (study at home). As previously noted our Theft / Shoplifting classes are educational in nature. One huge benefit of an online Theft / Shoplifting class is fidelity. Online Theft / Shoplifting classes are delivered consistently the same way for each client and eliminate natural human errors and omissions.
Our workbook Theft / Shoplifting class consists of the same content as the online class but is in a workbook format versus online.
Tell me about the online Theft / Shoplifting class.
It really is pretty simple. The first thing you do is get registered so you can take your online Theft / Shoplifting class - it's free to register, (create an account). Try not to register more than one time, you will likely lose track of usernames and passwords and need to call our help center.
When you register you will be asked to input your email address. This becomes important because after you register for the online Theft / Shoplifting class you will be sent an auto generated email confirming your registration. If you don't get an email right away we suggest you check your spam or junk-mail to see if it is there. You will also be asked for the email address of the person who referred you to our Theft / Shoplifting class (If you have it). It is usually worth taking the time to get that person's email address because that person is sent a confirmation that you got registered for the Theft / Shoplifting class and again when you complete your Theft / Shoplifting class.
Once you are registered you need to pick the Theft / Shoplifting class you want to take: The juvenile or adult version; the impulse control version; the petit theft version (same class but different certificate); the 4 hour class, the 8 hour class.
Pick your class, click on the PayPal/Credit Card icon to pay for your Theft / Shoplifting class and you are ready to go.
Are there added costs or other things to buy?
The TT Online Services™ Online Theft / Shoplifting classes are 100% online. There are no additional items to buy and there are no added costs.
Will the TT Online Services™ Online Theft / Shoplifting class be accepted by the person who referred me to a Theft / Shoplifting class?
TT Online Services™ is a nationwide premier provider of online Theft / Shoplifting classes and has been accepted in every state in the country. That said, there is no national standard for Theft / Shoplifting classes and any judge, probation officer or employer can accept a Theft / Shoplifting class or reject it. We do offer a money back guarantee (be sure to read the details) if our online Theft / Shoplifting class is not accepted.
Can I really take my Theft / Shoplifting class anytime - day or night?
That's right! You can take your Theft / Shoplifting class anytime, day or night, 23 hours a day 7 days a week. You also only need to work on your Theft / Shoplifting class for as long as you want to. Stop and start when you want - the system will remember where you last ended your Theft / Shoplifting class.
Are your Theft / Shoplifting class exams difficult to pass?
Our exams do have fairly high standards. If you want to be sure to successfully complete any one chapter in your online Theft / Shoplifting class you will very likely pass the exam if you simply read the material in that chapter. The only people who report our Theft / Shoplifting class exams to be problematic are the people who tried "skimming" without learning. Our exams are typically reported to be easy after the person actually reads the chapter.
What if I need help, have a problem or need support?
Support for our Theft / Shoplifting customers is very important to TT Online Services™. We offer email support seven days a week 15 hours a day. We provide phone support 10 hours a day on weekdays. We are often available by phone on weekends. You can email email@example.com and you will typically get a response in one hour or less.
How do I get my Theft / Shoplifting class completion certificate?
After you have completed all of your Theft / Shoplifting class a Completion Certificate is immediately activated and made available to you. If you want TT Online Services™ to mail or email you a certificate, just ask - no added fee. Mailed Theft / Shoplifting class Completion Certificates are embossed and can be sent directly to the person who referred you to our Theft / Shoplifting class.